AGROECOLOGIA E CONHECIMENTO TRADICIONAL: UMA ANÁLISE BIBLIOMÉTRICA

Leovigildo Aparecido Costa Santos

Resumo


Pesquisadores defendem que a agroecologia interage e dialoga com o conhecimento tradicional, no entanto poucos estudos tentaram mensurar a produção científica que relacionam esse tipo de conhecimento à agroecologia. O estudo faz a análise bibliométrica quantitativa de 661 publicações que apresentaram palavras relacionadas à agroecologia e ao conhecimento tradicional, em seus títulos, palavras-chave ou resumos, entre os anos de 1991 e 2018, obtidas da base de dados Web Of Science. A maior parte da literatura científica é composta por artigos em mais de 300 periódicos, com mais de 2.000 autores pertencentes a 878 instituições no total. 102 países publicaram, sendo que, em número de documentos os Estados Unidos ocupam a primeira posição, o Brasil ocupa a terceira posição. Variados temas foram abordados, como mudanças climáticas, biodiversidade, sementes, sistemas agrícolas, agricultura familiar e disciplinas das etnociências. As publicações que relacionaram a agroecologia com o conhecimento ecológico tradicional evidenciam a incorporação das três dimensões abordadas por essa disciplina (prática agrícola, movimento social e ciência), o que é evidente nas diversas temáticas frequentes nos estudos analisados. A dimensão interdisciplinar da agroecologia é evidente nas publicações em diferentes periódicos de escopo multidisciplinares, também na colaboração entre autores, com a maioria dos documentos sendo multiautorais. A agroecologia deve continuar com pesquisas destinadas ao desenvolvimento das agriculturas familiar e tradicional, de modo a melhorar, criar e disseminar práticas agrícolas que atendam esses grupos.


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Referências


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